September 17, 2021...6:26 am

Discuss The Shimla Agreement Of 1972

Shimla deal: Donald Trump said in a statement recently that Prime Minister Modi had asked him to mediate in the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan. India categorically rejected Trump`s claims and said the prime minister had not asked such a question. But Trump`s claim to Kashmir has turned into a big controversy because it violates the 1972 shimla agreement. The United States has always said before that the Kashmir issue must be settled bilaterally by India and Pakistan. India has also firmly affirmed that its dispute in Kashmir with Pakistan is bilateral and that no third party plays a role in it. Therefore, Trump`s recent statement marks a big gap with the previous U.S. attitude on this issue. On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla agreement are as follows: under this agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir. Foreign Minister S Jaishankar and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh have already refuted the emergence of a discussion in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi called on Trump to intervene in the Kashmir issue. The two ministers invoked the 1972 Shimla Agreement and said bilateral issues could only be resolved with his help – and nothing else.

This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July 1972 and India on 3 August, and therefore entered into force the same year on 4 August 1972. The Simla Agreement ensured the withdrawal of armed forces from the territories occupied by both sides during the war, with the exception of Kashmir. Over the next two years, all prisoners of war had also returned home. The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty intended to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. troop withdrawals and prisoner-of-war exchanges). This was a great blue pressure for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. Under the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to engage in conflicts and confrontations that have affected past relations and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would respect in managing relations between them. These emphasize respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and swear hostile propaganda. However, the following principles of the agreement are particularly noteworthy: shimla agreement: Donald Trump`s claim to Kashmir has become a great controversy, due to his violation of the shimla agreement signed in 1972 between India and Pakistan.

U.S. President Donald Trump`s recent statement on plausible mediation in the Kashmir dispute — between India and Pakistan — has once again shed light on the 1972 shimla agreement. Shimla Agreement: 2. July 1972 1972 Agreement: what is it? The shimla agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 by indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The Shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan.